What is SEO?

SEO or Search Engine Optimization is crucial for every webpage or content on the internet because it helps them get noticed. SEO helps web pages to get higher ranks in the search engine. A higher rank in the search engine ensures more traffic and ultimately profits the business/page/company.

SEO is a vital factor in online marketing as it helps the products and services you provide get noticed as per the search queries raised by the users/customers. To accumulate attention and attract customers interested in products and services your business provides, better visibility of your pages in search results is a must. SEO ensures your page better visibility; hence it fetches your business the required attention.

How does SEO work?

For crawling pages on the web from site to site, collecting information in pursuit of sorting them in an index, search engines like, Google and Bing use bots. An index is nothing but a giant library, and SEO is like a librarian who can help you find what you exactly want at the time.

Next up, various algorithms go through the index and analyze the web pages considering tons and hundreds of factors that affect the ranking of that page.

The algorithms then determine the order in which the pages would appear in the search results (SERP) when any query is raised through the search engine. Just like we mentioned above in the library narrative, the librarian knows about all the books and has read of them, and he can tell us where to exactly find the answers to our questions.

Factors that determine SEO success can be termed as substitutes for features of the user experience on the web. Estimation of search bots can tell us how appropriately any website or web page provides the user/searcher with the information they are searching for on the internet.

Like what is done with paid ads, search engines can’t be paid for achieving organic search rankings. SEO experts need to put in hard strides to get the job done.


  • Getting Indexed: Search engines like Google and Bing use crawlers in their algorithmic search results to find pages. Web pages linked from other search engine indexed pages are found automatically and thus are excluded. Crawlers look at a lot of different factors while crawling through a site, and exclude various pages, and index a few. Sometimes, the distance of a particular page from its site’s root directory decides if that page gets crawled or not.
  • Preventing Crawling: Webmasters instruct spiders against crawling to certain files through the robots.txt file present in the root directory of the domain to avoid and filter unwanted content in the search indexes. Although a page can be directly excluded from the database of a search engine by using a tag called meta robots, which is specific to robots. Firstly, the search engine visits a site and looks at the robot.txt file in the root directory. Thus, it is the first file crawled. Then, the robot.txt file gets dissected by the search engine, and it instructs the robot not to crawl the files it excludes.