If you are a programmer, starting from scratch can be very hectic and complex when there are tools available that are designed to assist you with your work and projects.
A framework is one such example; it is developed and used by developers around the world in their journey of app development.
What exactly a framework is?
Framework in a website is generally called Web Framework or Web application framework. All developments related to web services, web resources, web apps, and web APIs are supported by web frameworks throughout. It came into inception to automate and support all the activities during any web development project.
Building and deploying web applications on the internet (World Wide Web) are standardized with the help of web frameworks.
For example, various web frameworks access to databases and libraries, session management, template frameworks. These frameworks promote the use of existing software or simply code reuse. Web frameworks apply to static websites, but primarily web frameworks target or focus on the development of dynamic websites.
As these frameworks are quite consistently tested, optimized, and built by expert software engineers and programmers around the globe, software frameworks are dependable, efficient, versatile, and robust.
There are two types of web application framework or web framework:
- Model View Controller
- Push-based or Pull-based framework
Model View Controller (MVC):
Most of the frameworks follow the MVC architectural pattern. MVC architectural pattern is used for separating the data model with business rules from the UI (User Interface).
This practice is considered a good one as it promotes the reusing of code, modularizes it, and allows the application of multiple interfaces. This pattern permits the presentation of different views in web apps, like web services for remote apps, and web pages for humans.
Push-based or Pull-based:
Mostly MVC frameworks the architecture called “action-based” which is a push-based architecture. These frameworks do the processing that’s needed using actions and to display the results it sends or “pushes” the data to the view layer.
Examples of this architecture are Ruby on Rails, Spring MVC, CodeIgniter, and Django. Pull-based architecture or “component-based” architecture is an alternative to push-based architecture.
Frameworks with pull-based architecture start with the view layer, which can “pull” results as required from multiple controllers. Multiple controllers can be singly viewed in the pull-based architecture.
Examples of pull-based architecture are Wicket, Lift, JavaServer Faces, and JBoss Seam. Few architectures support both push-and-pull-based application controllers calls, such as Play, Struts, RIFE, and ZK.
These framework applications support application development based on a single programming language and are built to focus on tools used for general purposes like Zend Framework and Ruby on Rails, which helps in implementing capabilities any specific language, to native-language programmable packages specifically built for a user application, like CMS (Content management system), some mobile developments and portal tools.
There are two types of framework applications:
1. General-purpose website frameworks.
- Server-side: Ruby on Rails, CodeIgniter, Django, Laravel, Zend Framework, and a lot more.
- Client-side: BackboneJS, AngularJS, Angular, and a lot more
2. Discussion forums, wikis, and weblogs.